Haemodialysis is a treatment for those with kidney failure and is also known transmission route for hepatitis C when there is poor infection control.

Haemodialysis involves the removal of waste products from the blood. This is done by passing a person’s blood through an artificial kidney machine and re-introducing the filtered blood back into the body.

The risk of reinfection is increased in those who undergo long-term dialysis and has been estimated at 10%-20%.